History

History of the Building

Kelvinside Parish Church was built in 1862 by J.J. Stevenson (Campbell, Douglas & Stevenson)

Dean of Guild No. H1L-H-198

On the 13th of February 1857 (the same year famous Glasgow Socialite Madeleine Smith was accused of poisoning her lover), a meeting took place at 20 Kew Terrace, the home of John Blackie Snr, noted publisher and writer (A Short Life of Burns). Blackie had envisaged that a major residential development would soon take place west of Kelvinbridge and that these new residents would need a place for their spiritual well-being. At this meeting, with several other leading members of the Free Church in Glasgow, it was agreed that a new place of worship must be built. Soon after, the lands at the junction of Byres and Great Western Road were secured at a cost of 8/- per square yard. On the 4th September 1862, the publisher John Blackie Snr (who was the buildings main sponsor) laid the foundation stone and the work of building the church finally began.

The cost of building Stevenson's church was estimated at £4873. A bank credit for £5000 was arranged by John Blackie, Walter Blackie, Robert Binning, Joshua Paterson and Peter Ferguson. But, as with most building projects e.g. Scottish Parliament, the actual cost far exceeded the projected and the final bill amounted to £9500.

The building itself is geometric with a tall campanile tower with pyramid spire. The spire of the church is described as an Italian Gothic Pyramid and is said to be the first to show a markedly foreign influence in Glasgow. The tower itself is a reflection of the original scheme as designed by Charles Wilson. Charles Wilson's design was described as beautiful and classical, but proved a little too rich for the Church. Instead they employed the talents of J. J. Stevenson, who offered the cheaper quote.

The main body of the church contains slim, cast iron columns that elegantly reach and create an arcade capped by beautiful but simple arches. Ornamenting these arches is a series of rather stern looking heads, which can still be seen in what is now our breathtaking Auditorium.

 

The Heads

There are eleven heads in total, which were carved by William Mossman (the brother of the more famous John Mossman) for which he was paid a total of £1 per head.   Eight of the heads surmount the pillars and are all portraits of leading figures of the church: John Wycliffe (1325-1384), Martin Luther (1483-1546), Philip Melanchthon (1497-1560), William Tyndale (1484-1536), Desiderius Erasmus (born Gerrit Gerritszoon 1466-1536, John Calvin (1509-1564),  John Knox  (1505 -1572), Huldreich Zwingli (1484-1531, died in battle, Dr Chalmers, Andrew Melville (1545-1622), Alexander Henderson (1583-1646)


The Bells

Originally one bell called the faithful to worship, but as the years passed the peal paled and a generous gift of 8 bells was given in its place. The bells were cast in the Whitechapel Foundry, London and are tuned to the notes of the diatonic scale. In order to minimise the strain on the building, the bells are hung so that they ring without swinging (Quasimodo would have been disappointed). The peal forms a memorial to the men of Glasgow Academy, Kelvinside Academy and church congregation who died in the Great War. The largest bell carries an inscription, a version of which is carved in the north porch, while the other seven each bear a four line stanza from the sixty-sixth Paraphrase.

The bells were gifted to the church by Mr. Nicol Paton Brown, whose only son, Captain Kenneth Ashby Brown lost his life in battle, shortly after the bells were installed.

The bells were rung for the first time on Christmas Day, 1917 and were inaugurated for their purpose the following February. In December, 1918, the bells were formally dedicated in a special service at which both West End schools were represented. To this day the bells can still be heard ringing from Òran Mór at 11am each year on the 11th of November.

 

Òran Mór

For four years the building stood derelict. Despite a Historic Scotland preservation order it might have stood until decay led to its demolition as a safety hazard, as has sometimes happened, but two groups offered to buy. One wished to keep the building’s outer shell and turn the inside into luxury flats with basement garage. The Hillhead streets are badly choked by motor vehicles, which perhaps moved Glasgow District Council to prefer the group led by Colin Beattie, who turned it into an arts and leisure centre called Òran Mór.

Refurbishment began in 2002 and Òran Mór opened its doors in June 2004.

 

Sources: Mike Fraser-Planning Dept., Glasgow Encyclopaedia, Central Glasgow, Gordon Urquhart - Glasgow Conservation Trust West, 75th anniversary book of the Kelvinside Church, Historic Scotland 'descriptive list', A Hillhead Album, Buildings of Scotland 1990 and the internet. Compiled and written by Judith Bowers"

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